The exploitation of maritime resources in antiquity : productive activities and organisation of asso
The aim of the colloquium is to seek a better understanding of the exploitation (i.e. the production and its processing methods) of coastal environments from the Mediterranean to more northern coasts (Ocean, English Channel, North Sea) understood as an interface between the land and the sea,1 and the role of production, circulation and maritime trade for settlements and territorial organisation. The land and the sea form two natural spaces with different qualities and discontinuous bioecological systems, yet they create the hybrid environment of coastal territories: human settlements and activities in coastal lands both reflect and profit from this situation. We will therefore pay special attention to the spatial organisation and developments of habitat, dams, salt meadows, crops, salt marshes, and the interactions between the exploitation of maritime resources and agrarian ones, highlighting the close links between agriculture and fishing or farming for example. Particular attention will also be paid to the distinction between amphibious land (benefiting from two elements: marshes, lakes and lagoons coastal and rivers, meadows flooded by the sea...) and mixed soils (of which communities take ownership of aquatic and terrestrial) that integrate fisheries operating systems, agricultural and pastoral. It is therefore the forms of ownership and territorial control developed by the coastal communities that is of interest to us. All Gallic coasts will be examined and discussed in the AGER sessions; communications with a more Mediterranean dimension and bringing in useful comparisons will be considered for the Antibes sessions.
ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE: Frédéric Gayet, Ricardo González Villaescusa, Katia Schörle, François Rechin