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Bab El-Gasus in context - 19-20/09/2016, Lisboa (Portugal)

“Bab el-Gasus” (Gate of the Priests) is the modern name given to the collective tomb of the priests and priestesses of Amun located in the Theban necropolis dating to the 21st Dynasty (1069-945 BC), discovered in 1891 beneath the first courtyard of the temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari. It yielded 153 burials found totally undisturbed since Antiquity consisting of coffins, papyri, shabti-boxes, statuettes, stelae among many other artefacts.

Despite the significance of this major discovery - Bab el-Gasus is the largest undisturbed tomb ever found in Egypt - the find has remained insufficiantly studied. However, during the last decades Bab el-Gasus has been acknowledged as a major documental source, originating a good number of new publications and new exhibitions on the subject. 125 years after the discovery and dispersion of the find of Bab el-Gasus, this Colloquium aims to discuss the most recent developments on the history of the find, archival research and reconstruction of the burial assemblages, technical advances in the examination of the documental sources and critical views on the history, chronology, religion, linguistics, iconography, prosopography and anthropology of the 21st Dynasty. The contributions are expected to be published in the Gate of the Priests Series, by Brill.

FECHA/DATE/DATA: 19-20/09/2016

LUGAR/LOCATION/LUOGO: Auditorium III, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (Lisboa, Portugal)

ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE: Gate of the Priests Project; Center of Classical and Humanistic Studies (University of Coimbra); Center of History (University of Lisbon); Center of Religious History Studies (Universidade Católica)

INFO: web - -






9.00-9.20 Delfim Leão (University of Coimbra), Hermenegildo Fernandes (University of Lisbon)

Rogério Sousa and Scientific Committtee The Gate of the Priests Project


9.20-10.00 Andrzej Niwiński (University of Warsaw)

The newly documented treasure of the 21st Dynasty coffins and fragments of these in the basement of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo


10.00-10.20 David Aston (Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology)

The reuse of Theban Tombs during the 21st Dynasty with particular reference to the Cache Burials

10.20-10.40 Susanne Bickel (University of Basel)

Retrieving the king’s treasure – reburying the king’s body: Contexts of 21st Dynasty activities in the Kings’ Valley

10.40-11.00 Hélène Guichard (Louvre Museum)

Funerary settlements of the early Third Intermediate Period in the Ramesseum

COFFEE-BREAK 11.00-11.20


11.20-11.40 Giacomo Cavillier (Centre of Studies in Egyptology and Coptic Civilization "J.F. Champollion")

The Bab el-Maleg tomb: Some considerations and perspectives about a hypothetic royal "chachette"

11.40-12.00 Alain Dautant (Bordeaux University)

Collective tombs discovered in the Theban necropolis in 1820

12.00-12.20 France Jamen (Laboratory of History and Sources of the Antique World)

New Examination of the Funerary Equipment of Bab el-Gasus: Rebuilding the Nature of relationships between these deceased and the High Priest of Amun"

12.20-12.40 Cynthia May Sheikholeslami (Researcher, Cairo - Egypt)

Biography and burial: Prosopography and burial groups from Bab elGasus

12.40-13.00 Alba Villar Gómez (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

Beyond Amun: The Servants of Khonsu at Bab el-Gasus

LUNCH 13.00 – 15.00


15.00-15.20 Marianna Zarli (University of Pisa)

Lot V from Bab el-Gasus (Italy, Florence Egyptian Museum): A recostruction of the ensembles

15.20-15.40 Mykola Tarasenko (National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine)

Bab el-Gasus Lot VI in the light of new archive documents

15.40-16.00 Luc Delvaux (Royal Museum of Art and History in Brussels)

New lights on Lot XV from Bab el-Gasus

16.00-16.20 Victor V. Solkin (Max Voloshin Oriental Library, Moscow)

“Bab el-Gasus: The ‘Russian Lot’ and its history”

16.20-16.40 María Carmen Perez-Die (Museo Arquelogico Nacional de Madrid)

The Lot XIII from Bab el-Gasus

COFFEE-BREAK 16.40-17.00


17.00-17.20 Sylvie Guichard – Patricia Rigault (Louvre Museum)

The constitution of the collection of coffins of the Egyptian Department of the Louvre Museum : The coffins of the 21st Dynasty

17.20-17.40 Panagiotis Kousoulis (University of the Aegean) and Eleni Tourna (National Archaeological Museum of Athens)

The 21st Dynasty coffins from the National Archaeological Museum of Athens: A preliminary typological and contextual analysis

17.40-18.00 Stéphane Fetler (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

Group of late 21st – early 22nd dynasties coffins from K93.12 in Dra Abu el-Naga: Conservation, documentation and interpretation

18.00-18.20 Teodoro Auricchio (Istituto Europeo del Restauro)

Europa Expositive Laboratory Module: Materials and intervention techniques applied to in the restoration of the sarcophagi of the 21st Dynasty of the Musées Royaux d´Art et d´Histoire in Brussels

18.20-18.40 Paola Buscaglia (CCR Venaria Reale), Michela Cardinali (CCR Venaria Reale), Tiziana Cavaleri (CCR Venaria Reale), Marco Nervo (CCR Venaria Reale), Giovanna Prestipino (Vatican Coffin Project), Paolo Triolo (CCR Venaria Reale)

Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) for an in-depth investigation of the painted surface of a Vatican coffin from Bab el-Gasus cache (Inv. MV 25035)

20 SEPTEMBER Tuesday


9.00-9.20 Mahmoud M. Ibrahim (South Valley University)

Funerary P. Cairo CG 58024 of QAp .f n HA xnsw

9.20-9.40 Giuseppina Lenzo (University of Lausanne)

The Greenfield Papyrus from the Royal Cachette in Deir el-Bahari

9.40-10.00 Nadine Guilhou (University Paul-Valéry, Montpellier)

Funerary scenes inside TPI coffins : The coffin of Khonsumes, Marseille, Musée de la Vieille Charité

10.00-10.20 Éva Liptay (Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest)

Statues of Isis and Nephthys in Bab el-Gasus – Traces of the mortuary ritual practice in Thebes during the 21st Dynasty

10.20-10.40 Rogério Sousa (University of Coimbra)

Heart amulets in Bab el-Gasus: From mummy wrappings to coffin decoration

10.40-11.00 Luís Manuel de Araújo (University of Lisbon)

The funerary statuettes from Bab el-Gasus

COFFEE-BREAK 11.00-11.20


11.20-11.40 María Cruz Medina Sánchez - P. Carolina Gutiérrez Neira (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

The coffin of Pairusekher (MAN 18253): Study of the polychromy

11.40-12.00 Alessia Amenta (Vatican Museums)

Reflections on the coffin of Ikhy from the Bab el-Gasus Cache in the Light of recent CT scan images

12.00-12.20 Julie Dawson (Fitzwilliam Museum University of Cambridge) and Tom Turmezei (Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore)

Re-cut, re-fashioned, re-used: CT scanning and the complex inner coffin of Nespawershefyt (21st Dynasty ‘yellow’ coffin set, Thebes)

12.20-12.40 Elsbeth Geldhof (Bluetortoise Conservation)

The complexity of a repurposed coffin set: Interpretation possibilities for the coffin set of Nesy-ta-neb(et)-taouy, Chantress of Amun

12.40-13.00 Vladimir Bolshakov (RUDN University, Moscow)

Inner Coffin of Nesy-ta-udjat-akhet from the Collection of the National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan (Russia, Kazan)

LUNCH 13.00 – 15.00


15.00-15.20 Nika Lavrentyeva (The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts)

The Coffin of Iusankh : A gift from the Khedive

15.20-15.40 M. Cristina Guidotti (Florence Egyptian Museum)

Coffins of the Third Intermediate Period in the Egyptian Museum of Florence

15.40-16.00 Helen Strudwick (Fitzwilliam Museum University of Cambridge), Meghan Strong (University of Cambridge) and Elsbeth Geldhof (Bluetortoise Conservation)

Seeing coffins in a new light: Materiality and perception

16.00-16.20 Kathlyn Cooney (University of California – Los Angeles)

Patterns of Reuse in the Bab el Gasus Coffins Cache

16.20-16.40 Nigel Strudwick (University of Cambridge)

Archaeological and textual notes on the sources of 21st Dynasty coffins

16.40-17.00 Christian Greco (Turin Egyptian Museum)

The qrsw-coffins as cosmogram. Correspondence between the burial chamber of Ramose (TT 132) and the coffin of Ankhefenkhonsu

COFFEE-BREAK 17.00-17.20


17.20-18.00 René van Walsem (University of Leiden)

Different approaches of the dynamics and interpretation of coffin/sarcophagus evolution in Ancient Egypt

18.00-19.00 Discussion and concluding remarks

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