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CALL [SESSION 2]. 30.11.2017: Archaeologies of warfare in ancient Eurasia. The emergence and consoli


As it’s known, the Neolithic is the first witness of the major changes made by Mankind in the landscape through the burning for the cultivation of the land. However the emergence of societies of warrior along the Metal’s Ages will also make several environmental, social and economic changes both through the construction of settlements and exploitation of opencast mines (environmental changes), or the importance of the warriors in the society, the development of myths and construction of the burial areas (social changes), and also through technological and commercial development and the resulting contacts between peoples (economic changes). And consequently also you will come to the rise of the early warfare.

In fact, the transformation of peasant societies into warrior societies is a turning point in the history of Mankind, which results in a change from local conflicts to widespread conflicts, planned according with rules / special laws, involving alliances and trade over long distances, i.e., acculturation, and represents a major anthropological shift that must be approached by archaeological studies.

Without archaeology, the Iliad, or the Edda, reveals a world of symbols and materials from warlords with weapons of prestige and monumental architectures to impress and protect, with spectacular burial rituals and modeled landscapes; the Greek and Latin historians confirm this world also for Europe in the Iron Age. It would seem that the "art of war" imposed a deep cultural change, with new myths and rituals, at a global level and especially among human beings, and also between humans and animals.

Therefore, with the discovery of the metal, a new materiality that changed the world, we are witnessing the stratification of human societies (from the Copper Age to the Iron Age), where the phenomenon of war has a starring role, either in the social structure of human groups, which are named as "warrior societies", or in its interaction with the material, cultural and environmental world.




ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE: Davide Delfino; Dirk Brandherm; Gill Plunket

INFO: web - - -


We call for proposals of papers that are indicative examples of the archaeological evidences in Eurasia of the marks left by warrior societies, between Chalcolithic and Iron Age, in the diverse manifestations of human culture, such as rituals, mythology, arts, architecture, technology, the environmental space and warfare.

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