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Religion and War from Antiquity to early Modernity: Historical Varieties of a Recurring Nexus - 24-2


With wide geographic coverage encompassing the Mediterranean basin, Near East, North Africa, and Europe, and taking Classical Antiquity as a starting point, but looking as far back as the second millennium BCE and forward to the Westphalian settlement of 1648, this conference will be a comparative and cross-cultural exploration of the persistent question about the role of religion in motivating, guiding, and explaining the causes and conduct of war.

FECHA/ DATE/DATA: 24-25/06/2019

LUGAR/LOCATION/LUOGO: King´s College London (London, England)

ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE: Irene Polinskaya; Alan James; Hans van Wees




MONDAY, June 24

9:30-10:00 Registration

10:00-10:10 Introduction 1: Our questions and aims: Irene Polinskaya and Alan James

10:10-10:30 Introduction 2: Modern context

WHETHAM, David (King’s College London)

Professional Military Education in the Modern World: The Role and Influence of Religion

10:30-11:30 Session 1: Near East

RICHARDSON, Seth (Oriental Institute, Chicago)

"The Plans of the Gods are Destroyed”: Babylonian Scribal Views of War and the Gods

WANG, Xianhua (Shanghai International Studies University)

The Holy War of Eannatum in Light of the Early Dynastic Central Babylonian Tradition

11:30-11:45 Coffee Break

11:45-12:45 Session 2: Near East

NEBIOLO, Francesca (ATER at Collège de France)

Gods Bless War! Oath and Perjury in the Mesopotamian Perception of War

GILAN, Amir (Tel Aviv University)

Religion and War in Hittite Anatolia

12:45-14:00 Lunch

14:00:15:00 Session 3: Near East

ZAIA, Shana (University of Vienna)

The Gods Who March Alongside Me: Religion and War in the Neo-Assyrian Empire

ALLEN, Lindsay (King's College London)

TBC (Persia)

15:00-15:15 Coffee Break

15:15-16:15 Session 4: Egypt

SPALINGER, Anthony (The University of Auckland)

Pharaoh and God before and during Battle: Three Cases from the Egyptian New Late Period

ALLON, Niv (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)

War and Order in New Kingdom Egypt (1550-1070 B.C.)

16:15-16:30 Coffee Break

16:30-17:30 Session 5: Near East

BACHVAROVA, Mary (Willamette University)

God as Judge: The Interlocking Hittite Genres of Treaty, Prayer, and Historiography and their Nachleben in the Hebrew Bible

ZUCCONI, Laura (Stockton University)

Their Seed is No More: Rhetorical Strategies of Genocide in Ancient Egypt and the Bible

18:00-19:00 Keynote address

MORRIS, Ian (Stanford University)

Violence, Great Men, and the Gods: Religious and Military Sources of Social Power, 10,000 BC-AD 2019

19:00-20:00 Reception

TUESDAY, June 25

09:30-09:45 Coffee

09:45-10:45 Session 6: Near East V: Biblical Studies

NEVADER, Madhavi (University of St. Andrews) and MEIN, Andrew (Durham University)

Religion and War, War and Religion: Jerusalem 586 as Test

WAZANA, Nili (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Biblical "Laws of War": A View of War from the Side of the Vanquished

10:45-11:00 Coffee Break

11:00-12:30 Session 7: Greece

VAN WEES, Hans (University College London)

Genocidal Gods in Archaic Greece

POLINSKAYA, Irene (King's College London)

Divine Support and Religious Motivation in Greek Wars of the Classical Period

FRANCHI, Elena (University of Trento)

Sacred Topography and War Memories in Ancient Greece

12:30-13:30 Lunch

13:30-14:30 Session 8: Rome

CIANO, Nunzia (Universita degli studi Roma Tre)

Religion, Civil War, and the Power of Word in Cicero's Speeches

BERTHELET, Yann (Liège Université)

Military auspices of the Roman generals at the end of the Republic

14:30-14:45 Coffee Break

14:45-15:45 Session 9: Rome

LENNON, Jack (University of Leicester)

The Greatest Impiety’: Pollution and Divine Anger in Rome’s Civil Wars

KOLBECK, Benjamin (King's College London)

The Early Church and War: The Evidence of Tertullian

15:45-16:00 Coffee Break

16:00-17:30 Session 10: Late Antiquity and Middle Ages

PAPADOGIANNAKIS, Ioannis (King's College London)


STOYANOV, Yuri (SOAS, London)

The Religious Dimension of the “Last Great War of Antiquity” (603-628) and its Medieval Legacies

STOURAITIS, Yannis (The University of Edinburgh)

Fighting Against Their Own Kind: War Against Christians in Byzantine Thought

17:30-19:00 Drinks

19:00-21:00 Dinner for speakers


9:15-9:30 Coffee

9:30-11:00 Session 11: Middle Ages

PLESHAK, Daniil (State University of St. Petersburg)

The Virgin Who Gave Birth to Victory: Divine Help to Besieged Cities during Avar-Byzantine Wars

MARIC, Ivan (The University of Edinburgh)

The Effects of the Arab Siege of Constantinople 717-8 on Byzantine Ideology and Muslim-Christian Polemic

FERNÁNDEZ-SANTOS, Jorge (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid)

Queen Regnant and Holy War: Rearguard Female Crusader Isabel I of Castile

11:00-11:15 Coffee Break

11:15-12:15 Session 12: Middles Ages

BENNISON, Amira (Department of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Cambridge)

The Religious Ideology of the Almohads and Their Imperial Conquests in the Twelfth-Century Maghreb

NEGGAZ, Nassima (Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford)

The Role of Religion in the Mongol Conquest of Baghdad in 1258

12:15-13:00 Lunch

13:00-14:30 Session 13: Early Modern

HONIG, Jan Willem (King's College London)

Divine Judgement, Battle and Strategy in the Early Part of the Hundred Years’ War

ROBERTS, Penny (Warwick University)

God’s Warriors in the Most Christian Kingdom: a Reconsideration of the French Religious Wars

BJÖRKLUND, Jaakko (University of Helsinki)

Huguenots in the Baltics: religion, identity and service of French mercenaries in the Swedish

army 1605 – 1614

14:30-14:45 Coffee Break

14:45-15:45 Session 14: Early Modern

RYRIE, Alec (Durham University)

Was Religious War a Secularising Force in the Reformation Era?

JAMES, Alan (King's College London)

Cardinal-Ministers and Warrior Priests: Religion and the Making of the Westphalian World Order

15:45-16:15 Concluding discussion

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