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In the western Mediterranean fortifications were built in a unique landscape of confrontation, where different peoples occupied the same territory. This generated the development of siege warfare that was deeply perceptive of the notions of defence and territorial control. Romans, Italics, Greeks, and Illyrians created a theory of war that expressed itself in militarized societies and heavily controlled territories. As a result, the emerging complex fortification systems - increasingly monumentalised from the 4th century BC onward - reflected military and social behaviours, promoted political causes and transformed both the landscape and society. Despite its significance, evidence from the west part of the Mediterranean is usually relegated to a supporting role in specialist publications on ancient fortification systems. When it is considered, it is only in isolation and remains out of the context of the globalisation processes observed in the late Classical and Hellenistic period. Although many of the most important siege warfare novelties come from western experiences, the relevant material is rarely examined in conjunction with mainstream research carried out in the eastern Mediterranean.Fortifications and Societies features specialists from a broad range of research and cultural heritage institutions and thus brings together latest results to assess the state of research and determine new prospects in the field.
LUGAR/LOCATION/LUOGO: University of Catania (Catania, Italy)
ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE: Rodolfo Brancato, Luigi Maria Caliò, Marco Camera (Università degli Studi di Catania); Antonello Fino (Politecnico di Bari); Gian Michele Gerogiannis (Università degli Studi di Messina); Maria Kopsacheili (University of Manchester).
Julian Bogdani - Emanuele Brienza - Laurence Cavalier - Marie-Pierre Dausse -Jacques des Courtils -Marco Fabbri - Enrico Giorgi - Alessandro Jaia - Melanie Jonasch - Fausto Longo - Belisa Muka - Roberto Perna - Eduard Shehi - Christos Spanodimos - Stephane Verger