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Since Antiquity, metaphor has been an object of study for philosophers, rhetoricians and scholars in general. The study of metaphor proper begins with Aristotle, according to whom metaphor consists “in giving the thing a name that belongs to something else; the transference being either from genus to species, or from species to genus, or from species to species, on the grounds of analogy” (Poetics, 1457b, 6-7). This model, together with Cicero’s identification of the functions of metaphor in making the speech more fashionable and more persuasive (Rhetorica ad Herennium, IV.34; De Oratore III, 158-162), led to consider metaphor as primarily stylistic, poetic, or ornamental, with the consequence that metaphor has been considered a trope, namely a change that occurs when attributes ordinarily designating one entity are transferred to another entity.
LUGAR/LOCATION/LUOGO: Collège de France - Louvre (Paris, France)
ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE: Ludovico Portuese; Marta Pallavidini.
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