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Melammu Workshop Tartu 2019 "Responses to the 12th Century BC Collapse: Recovery and Restructuration in the Early Iron Age Near East and Mediterranean" - 07-08-09/06/2019, Tartu (Estonia)



We will discuss the development of the internal organisation of the states, including supra-regional structures (empires, coalitions) and local communities (city-states, towns, villages), considering the interaction of change and continuity, the impact of the pre-collapse situation to the following development, the effects of the environmental factors, the interplay of economic, social, political, military, and ideological development.


FECHA/DATE/DATA: 07-08-09/06/2019


LUGAR/LOCATION/LUOGO: Senate Hall, University Main Building,  University of Tartu (Tartu, Estonia)


ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE: Mait Kõiv (Tartu); Raz Kletter (Helsinki); Amar Annus (Tartu); Peeter Espak (Tartu); Urmas Nõmmik (Tartu);Vladimir Sazonov (Tartu); Ivo Volt (Tartu)

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Friday, 7 June 


9.00–9.20 Opening Levant and Mesopotamia. Chair: Raz Kletter 

9.20–10.00 Ayelet Gilboa (Haifa), From Ugarit to Tyre via Dor: An outline of Commercial hubs along the Levantine coast through the 13th to 9th centuries BCE 

10.00–10.40 Tim Harrison (Toronto), Continuity and Change in the Early Iron Age Northern Levant 


10.40–11.00 Coffee pause Chair: Peeter Espak 


11.00–11.40 Vladimir Sazonov (Tartu) / Sebastian Fink (Helsinki), The 12th century collapse and Assyria: turning point or “usual crisis” 

11.40–12.20 Joanna Töyräänvuori (Helsinki), Rebuilding Society: Changes in the Political Organisation of Northern Syria following the Bronze Age Collapse 


12.20–14.00 Lunch 


Phoenicia and Palestine. Chair: Amar Annus 

14.00–14.40 Carol Bell (London), Reflections on the westward expansion of the Phoenicians in the Early Iron Age: the search for silver and technology transfer 

14.40–15.20 Andres Nõmmik (Helsinki), Differences in the development of the Early Iron Age cities in Philistia 

15.20–16.00 Łukasz Niesiołowski-Spano (Warsaw), Canaan in the Early Iron Age: Different strategies and circumstances. The case of the Sea Peoples, Canaanites, and Israelites (ca. 1150–850) 


16.00–16.20 Coffee pause 


16.20–17.00 Urmas Nõmmik (Tartu), Any Use of Biblical Sources? Biblical Narrative Texts and Early Iron Age Political Relations in Israel 17.00–17.40 Raz Kletter (Helsinki), The Case of Judah 


19.00 Reception 


Saturday, 8 June 

Cyprus and Aegean. Chair: Ivo Volt 

9.00–9.40 Maria Iacovou (Univ. of Cyprus), The Cyprus response “from within”: A region specific landscape approach to the island’s political geography (12th–6th c. BC 

9.40–10.20 Saro Wallace (Manchester), Exploring crisis technologies: insights from Crete 

10.20–11.00 Julien Zurbach (Paris), Forms and means of labor mobilization from palaces to city-states: a view from the fields and a view from the workshops 


11.00–11.20 Coffee pause 


11.20–12.00 Mait Kõiv (Tartu), From collapse to monarchy: the social and political developments in the Argive plain in the 12th–6th centuries BC 

12.00–12.40 Hans van Wees (London), ‘Aristocrats’ and slaves: the (re-)emergence of a stratified society in the eighth century BC 


12.40–14.20 Lunch 


Aegean and Western Mediterranean. Chair: Raz Kletter 

14.20–15.00 Kurt Raaflaub (Providence), A Greek Response to Collapse, Crisis, and Recovery: The Invention of Citizen-Communities 

15.00–15.40 Corinna Riva (London), Sovereign power, agricultural production and sacrifice in the Archaic city-states of Southern Tyrrhenian Etruria 


15.40–16.00 Coffee pause 


16.00–16.40 Kathryn Lomas (Durham), Inscriptions and public display: Literacy and representations of power in south-east Italy 

16.40–17.20 End discussion. Chair: Mait Kõiv, Raz Kletter, Urmas Nõmmik 


Sunday, 9 June 

8.00 or 9.00 Bus trip to Tallinn



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